Two POWERFUL Photoshop Cut Out Techniques – Difficult Selections Made FAST and EASY

Two POWERFUL Photoshop Cut Out Techniques – Difficult Selections Made FAST and EASY


Hi. Welcome back to The Photoshop Training Channel. I’m Jesus Ramirez. In this video, I’m going to show you two powerful
methods to cut out trees in Photoshop. The techniques that you’re going to learn
in this video could be used on anything, not just trees. These are two very powerful techniques that
you should know. Okay. Let’s get started. We’re going to dive right in, and I’m going
to show you a method that you probably don’t know, unless of course, you watched The Photoshop
Training Channel. I’ve used a similar method in a previous tutorial, but it’s a powerful method, and I really
think that you should know it. Anyway, if you want to mask out or cut out
this tree, one of the easiest ways of doing it is with the Blend If options. If I double-click to the side of the layer,
I bring up the Layer Style window. In this window, I have something here
called Blend If. If you don’t know what Blend If is, I have
a full crash course video on just this option. So, I’m not going to spend too much time explaining
it, but if you’re interested, I’ll place a link down below in the description to that
video where I explain everything about. But we can use the luminosity of the layer
to show or hide pixels, or we can select different channels to show or hide pixels. So, in the Blend If option, I have the gray,
red, green, and blue. These are channels, of course, and gray is
just luminosity. So, if I look at my image and think of what
I want to hide, in this case the sky because I want to cut out the tree. So, I want to hide the sky. Then out of all these options, blue is the
better one because the sky is blue. So, the blue channel contains a lot of information
relevant to the pixels that we’re trying to select. And you’ll be able to better see the channel in the second example when we
actually work with the channels. So, we can use this channel to hide or show pixels. So, if I select blue, then I can use the “This layer” control or the “Underline layer” control to show or hide pixels. In this case, we only have one layer, so we’re
going to work with the “This layer” control. I want to hide the blue pixels, so that I
can select everything that is not blue. So, I can click on this point, which controls
the blues, and drag it to the left. And notice that when I do, I immediately hide
the sky because the sky is blue. I hold Alt option on the Mac, and click on
this point to split it in half, and I can create a smoother transition. Basically what this is doing is that anything
that is this level of blue or brighter will be hidden. Everything in this area will be a smooth transition, and everything from this point to the left will be 100% visible. So, once I press OK, notice now that I no
longer have a sky. If I create a new solid color adjustment layer. And I’ll just make it gray, press okay, and
drag it to the bottom of the layer stack. You can see now that the sky was removed. Now, this is not really transparency and it’s
not really a cutout yet, because if you look at the layer thumbnail, you can actually still
see the sky. We’re hiding those pixels based on the luminesce
value of the that channel. So, if we create an adjustment layer such
as the exposure adjustment layer, click on this icon to clip it to the layer below, so
that it only will fix the tree layer, notice what happens when I change the exposure. The sky comes back. See that? Or I can hide more of the layer because when
I change the luminosity of the layer, it also changes the luminosity of the channel, the
blue channel, which is what Blend If is using to create transparent pixels. So, if we change the luminosity, we change
which pixels are transparent and which are not. Another way of knowing that this is not really
transparency is if I press Ctrl, Command on the Mac, and click on the layer thumbnail,
I make a selection around the entire layer, and not really the transparent pixels. Even with this layer disabled, if I control
click, nothing happens, I still select the entire layer. So, I’m going to deselect the layer by pressing
Ctrl D, Command D on the Mac, and then just deleting this layer. So, this is a trick that a lot of people don’t
know, including many professionals. And I can guarantee you that you probably
haven’t seen it in too many tutorials, unless of course, you watch
The Photoshop Training Channel. And that is if you right click on the layer,
you can select convert to Smart Object, and notice what happens to the layer thumbnail. You can actually see transparency now. So, if I press Ctrl, Command on the Mac,
and click, now I can actually make a selection
out of those transparent pixels. And if I create an exposure adjustment layer,
clip it to the layer below, and adjust the exposure, notice that now the sky doesn’t
come back. So, that’s the trick. Making a Smart Object with Blend If. And if you need to edit the transparency,
just open up the Smart Object and edit the Blend If. What I’m going to do now is show you a second
method. This method is actually more well known, but
I still think that it is a powerful method that you should know because it can be very
beneficial in some cases. So, you can make complicated selections really
easily by using the Channels panel. You can see the three channels by clicking
on them, red, green, and blue. What you need to do is look at the channel
that has the most contrast between the foreground and background, in this case, the blue channel. By the way, this is the same channel that
we used in the Blend If example. Notice what it looks like. The sky is really bright and the tree is really
dark. So, all the relevant information, the blue
pixels are almost completely while. So, this is what Blend If was using. So, we were simply telling Blend If to use
this as reference for us to create the mask. So, it might be a bit more clear now that
you see the channel. But anyway, select the blue channel, and click,
and drag it into the new channel icon to duplicate it. What you need to do now is make solid black
and solid white. There’s a lot of ways of doing that. So, I’m going to show you several ways, and
you use a technique that better works for your image. So, you can go into image, adjustment, and
levels, and just make the darker pixels darker by dragging the black point to the right,
and make the brighter pixels brighter by dragging the white point to the left like so, and press
okay. Another thing that you can do is simply make
a selection out of things that should be a solid color, in this case, solid black, then
fill will that color. Black is my foreground color, so I can press
Alt and Backspace to fill with that color. You could also use the Apply Image command. So, you can go into Image, apply image, and
you can use the blue copied channel, which is selected by default, and apply it to itself
using a blending mode. In this case, screen is selected. You can see the before and the after, or you
can select Multiply. In this case, I’ll select Multiply just to
make those darker pixels darker and fill those areas in and press okay. Another thing that you can do is use the dodge
and burn tools, select the Dodge tool, make sure that Highlights is selected, and you
can paint to make the highlights brighter, to make sure that there’s no grays and it’s
completely white. And you can select the Burn tool. Make sure that Shadows is selected, and paint
to make the shadows darker. And finally, you can use the Brush tool, and simply paint with black
in areas that need to be black. So, you can use the combination of all those
techniques to make sure that the areas that should be black are black, and the areas that
should be white are white. So, what we need to do now is think about
what we want to select and what we want to deselect. With a selection, white is selected, and
black is not. So, we want to select the tree and not select the sky. What we have here is the opposite. White is selecting the sky and not the tree. So, you can simply press Ctrl I, Command I
on the Mac, to invert, and that inverts those colors. So now, the tree is selected and not the sky. Now, you need to make a selection
out of the bright pixels. There’s two ways of doing that. You can press Ctrl, Command on the Mac, and
click on the layer thumbnail to make a selection, or you can look at the number next to the
channel that you copied. If you only have one channel copied, then
it’ll be Control 6. So, you can press Control, Alt, and then that
number 6 to load that channel as a selection. So, Control, Alt, and then that number. And by the way, if you wanted to select for
example the red channel, you can press Ctrl, Alt 3, Command Option 3 on the Mac, to select
the bright pixels out of that channel. But in this case, we want to select the blue
copy, which is Ctrl 6. So, Ctrl, Alt 6, Command Option 6 on the Mac. So, with those pixels selected, I’m going
to click on RGB, go back into the layers panel, and simply create a layer mask. And now, we have selected the tree very, very
easily by using the channel’s panel. And we can do really cool things like bring
in this sunset overlay, bring it below the image that we’re working with. And then I can create a curves adjustment
layer on top of that layer, clip it to the layer below, so that we only effect the tree
layer and not the background. And I can just start darkening the image to
create a really, really cool effect. Then I can select the red channel. And I’ll click and drag from the center up to add more
red light into this image to create this sunset effect. By the way, if you want to learn more about
cut outs and masking, then check out my Advance Hair Masking tutorial. I’ll place a link right below in the description. Also, if this is your first time at the The
Photoshop Training Channel, please click on that subscribe and notification buttons. That way, you’re notified whenever I post
any tutorial. Thank you so much for watching, and I will
talk to you again very soon.

100 thoughts on “Two POWERFUL Photoshop Cut Out Techniques – Difficult Selections Made FAST and EASY

Leave a Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *