A Duck Farmer’s Permaculture Orchard

A Duck Farmer’s Permaculture Orchard

now that we’re in the month of May I
feel like we’ve officially entered spring here at our farm so I figured I’d
take this opportunity and give you guys a tour of the farm and see how things
are doing and how they fare through the winter so let’s go actually wait first
thing I should probably show you right here you want to look so this sign used
to be out in front of the farm unfortunately an errant snowplow
actually knocked it off and so I’ve got to replace it it’s starting to get kind
of banged up and weathered and it was never really a sealed wooden sign for
outdoors to begin with so I think I might retire this somewhere indoors and
actually try to figure out a way to make a nice official sign for out front so
stay tuned on that one so over here you’ll notice we still have
a mobile chicken tractor duck house sitting here I’ve got Samuel and Jemima
Puddleduck in here they’re hanging out they’re pretty happy they’re pretty
content sometimes I’ll let them go down by the puddles over by the road but I
got to watch them because I don’t want them to get hit by a car I keep hoping
that Jemima goes broody so I’ve been leaving her eggs in here and every
morning when I come out and take care of them she’s always sitting there and she
usually likes to sit right on top of them but she’s not sitting long enough
stashes so I don’t know there might be a lost cause I will probably bring the
puddle ducks back to the other Ducks pretty soon I just want to give the
khaki Campbell’s a chance to heal up especially after that make attack terms
of plans for the barn number one I want to say thank you to
everybody out there who has just been so generous and supportive of us as we’ve
been working to try to raise some extra funds to help us repair the barn as I’ve
noted in previous videos we didn’t get the state grant to repair it but we’re
still pushing ahead to make sure we can save our barn
specifically this year I’ve worked out a plan with a friend of mine who’s gonna
do some patching on the roof and we’re also gonna clean up this whole mess and
seal this off so it’s gonna be a combination of some help that I’m hiring
as well as myself and a friend is helping out like my buddy Alfred is
gonna come by and he’s got an excavator we’re gonna pull out all of this rubble
and set it aside and we’re gonna build one gigantic pile with it probably in
the fall once we get our first snow we’ll have a bonfire fire fire fire fire
and actually let me show you one way that we’re using our barn to raise
animals this year so inside here is where I’m going to be
brooding our goslings I got to do a little cleanup still a little bit messy
from when I booted the ducks in here last year but this is gonna be my
brooder space it’s really the only room in the entire barn that I can actually
seal up tight so in a couple of weeks when all of our little baby goslings
show up here on the farm I’m gonna set them up right in here we’re getting
about 50 of them and this should be just enough space for the first three weeks
with them and then after that I’m going to be putting them outside still with
heat lamps but outside so they can have access to fresh pasture I’m really
excited for those goslings when they show up here on the farm in a couple of
weeks it’s gonna be pretty cool so this is the garden portion of the
farm right behind me is Alison’s kitchen garden we are just starting to get some
seedlings going and hopefully we’ll put them in probably by about June 1st or so
given our weather we’ve got to give it plenty of time before our last frost
just the other day we were still getting snow so you know that’s the challenge of
gardening in a northern climate you know Alison you does such a wonderful job
these beds have already been prepped back in the fall I kept the Ducks here
for almost two weeks and they have just completely gone through and gotten
through any sort of nesting insects and disrupted it they pooped everywhere they
ate up a lot of the leftovers they did a good job helping us manage the garden
and so now it’s it’s ready to be planted and we’re pretty excited about it
the fencing that we use here on our garden it’s pretty simple but it’s
pretty effective too it’s basically just wooden garden stakes paired with chicken
wire and then I use some strips of rebar for support posts I put it in last
spring and I’m actually really pleased with how well it’s held up through the
winter it doesn’t really need much of a repair at all so we’ve got that goal for
us you so over here is where I’ve got my
fledgling tree nursery it’s just the start
but I really actually have big ambitions for this space right here is a whole bed
of what should hopefully become wild apples last fall my friend Rachael and I
actually went scrumping which is stealing roadside apples and we pressed
it into cider and it made some awesome awesome hard cider that we got to enjoy
around the Christmas New Year’s time but it also left me with a whole bunch of
pulp I ended up spreading this pulp out here and I’m hoping that little baby
wild apples need like start to spring up crazy some some people are totally
against the idea of growing wild apples but I think it’s like a lottery ticket
you know maybe about one in three or one in four of them actually turned out to
be good apples with vinegar or cider or eating and so I hope I can discover some
new strains of apples in this little now back here where I have this
landscaping fabric put down that’s where I’m gonna keep all of my baby
chestnut seedlings and black locust seedlings right now I have a bucket full
of black locust seeds in an upcoming video what I’m gonna do is actually show
you guys how to sprout black locust seedlings and on top of that I have a
bucket right back there that has chestnut sprouting in it my plan is I’m
going to take the seedlings from there and plant them all along in here I’m
gonna let them grow for about two years before I put them out in the
permaculture orchard now I know this can probably blow up in
my face but I figured now would be a good time to check on those sprouting
chestnuts I haven’t looked at them since I put them in the ground back in
November I wonder how they’re doing they could be mush they could be covered in
fungus they could be eaten by an animal or they could be sprouting little tails
and be ready to be turned into tree seedlings let’s go check it out come on
the mystery of Al Capone’s vault will continue after these messages the reason
why I’ve waited so long before checking on these things is as recently as I
don’t know two weeks ago this whole area was still covered in about a foot of
snow so let’s see what’s inside huh doesn’t look like any animals got in so
that’s good so I buried it in moist sand the sand still feels damp
oh look at that see – look at that got a little chestnut sprouting right
there that it’s pretty darn cool if you guys want to see a video of me
making this little nut here into a seedling now that it’s sprouted post a
comment down below and I’ll try to make a video if you’re interested until I
make that video I’m gonna keep these guys stashed in here to be safe and
sound I always try to put something heavy like a rock on top of this because
I don’t want to road it to get in here have a feast so now this brings us to
the duct area my latest solution has been to actually focus on electric
fencing for them as you guys can see right I’ve got electric poultry netting
all the way around the duck house as a way to keep it safer from predators I’ve
also put hardware cloth along the edges the other thing I’ve done is I’ve
actually taken landscape fabric and put it all the way around the duck house
like a weird little moat the reason I’m doing this is because I plan to keep
this fence here for a long time like at least two or three months and I don’t
want to have to deal with grass and weeds I want to keep this fence as hot
as possible so if any predators come this way they get the bejesus shocked
out of them and weave my ducks along but at the same time I know that this duck
house is not gonna be the duck house of the future so that’s why right here in
this duck yard where I’m standing now I’m Alton this in a previous video but
it’s definitely something that works so where I’m taking you now is over to our
stream I’m pretty sure this is where the mink came up to attack the ducks and
I’ve been doing some pretty aggressive trapping around here with live traps and
another type of trap last night this trap got knocked over and dragged around
I’ve been using sardines inside a can for bait and so I’m pretty sure
something big tried to get in there I actually picked up on the trail camera a
bear it’s kind of hard to see but you can just make out the outline of a bear
trying to get there I worry a little bit that my attempt to try to trap the mink
is backfiring and it’s attracting bears which would be an even bigger problem
there’s a hole in the bucket dear Liza dear Liza case you guys are curious
though this is our stream it’s running pretty hard right now usually it’s
pretty easy to walk right across it wonder what kind of track that is I think that’s a raccoon maybe
no it looks a little big for a raccoon yeah but it’s probably a raccoon
whatever it was I was walking right down around here and see the nails of it here we have the Ducks work in the
pasture I’ve been out here working most of the afternoon today so I’m just
letting them roam free they really enjoy it they’re just going through picking up
bugs and worms having a good old time and then behind the ducks is the perfect
culture orchard so our permaculture orchard sits in an area that’s about 6
and 1/2 acres in size and consists of about 600 trees and shrubs I call it a
permaculture orchard because it is modeled after the design principles of a
guy by the name of Stefan Sobkowiak he does some pretty innovative stuff in
terms of regenerative agriculture he’s just outside of Montreal it’s a it’s
it’s some pretty cool stuff that he does but the patterns that I’m using are
unique to us in our farm here we have a mix of chestnuts elderberry mulberry
apple butternut Siberian pea shrub and black locust primarily a couple of other
things like Humphrey scattered in here as well so we planted the trees in the
fall of 2017 most of them were year old bare-root seedlings but you can see here
this is a nice big black locust the things probably darn near 10 feet now
for those thorns at something people often ask me why do I bother planting
black locust couple reasons number one is that it’s
good for the soil and the surrounding plants number two its fast-growing and
it makes for good lumber it’s very rock resistant in number three here you can
actually use the branches as fodder for livestock so these are all part of our
future farming plans wrapped up in these black locust trees there’s an elderberry
see how this guy’s doing some dead branches a lot of it’s doing pretty good
some new fresh growth coming in here let’s check out this chestnut tree here last year’s leaves look you can start to
see some buds are coming you got some fibers on the tree that’s gonna be a
good healthy chestnut tree seedling a lot of people asked me if there was one
tree that I’d plant what would it be well I have to say that my favorite tree
that we have here is the chestnut I think chestnuts are just such an
awesome food crop I think the wood is outstanding and I always find it to be
such a tragedy what happened to the American chestnut and how a blight in
the 20th century really wiped out most of the American chestnuts and so you
know trying to bring back chestnuts is one of those things that personally I
think is such a good cause so if you’re out there watching the video trying to
come up with which tree you should plant at your homestead or farm look at the
chestnut it’s so underrated I think if everybody planted more chestnut trees
ten or fifteen years from now we would just be in such a better place from an
agricultural standpoint here in the United States so uh yeah so I use these
tree tubes to both help our trees grow straight help protect them from pests
like deer and rodents and to give them a little growing headstart because these
things act as a greenhouse I made a video about them last fall and one of
the things I stated in the video was I was having problems with having little
birds get caught inside the tree tube see this feathers by my count I found
seven dead birds trapped in these tree tubes well the manufacturer wrote to me
and told me that they now make these little nylon covers that they put on top
of the tubes to help protect birds and so they’re actually going to send me a
bunch of them and I’m going to put them on in the near future do you see that there’s Lil Barn
Cat hopefully looking for some bowls she’s been stalking the orchard a lot
lately which is awesome in my book well I hope she doesn’t attack any birds the
rodents she is sort of open season for those see how she goes
I like watching her because she’s like a lioness on the Serengeti
so this giant pile of mulch right behind me needs to get spread out and put on a
bunch of trees since we’re now in May this is the month that I have to really
get in here and spread mulch on every single one of our trees I do it twice a
year do it once in the spring and once in the fall I only have two major
activities in terms of maintenance of the permaculture orchard and this is one
of those two so you’ve got the mulching and then you got mowing I’ve tried to
mow this as much as possible doing it every couple of weeks you know it’s a
pretty big space but it’s not horrible I only brush hog the top of our pasture
about twice a year but here in the permaculture orchard I’m doing it very
regularly because it’s how you keep down on weeds and overgrowth around the trees
as well as rodents that might eat the trees or damage them so those are the
two big activities mulching and mowing we’ve got over a hundred and sixty acres
here on our farm most of its woods and there are so many adventures you can
have just wandering through our woods and now that all the snows melted I’m
really looking forward to enjoying that the other part that I’m not going to
really show you in this video is we just got a lot of pasture some day somehow
I’m gonna have animals that can graze that pasture but right now all I’m
trying to do is take good care of it you guys want to see something cool look at
this see if I can pick it up in the camera
here I’m not sure if you can quite see it but the white mountains the
presidential range is way back there so you can see it just out past our farm
you know like Mount Washington’s out there and a couple of other mountains
that are named after presidents they’re all over the border in New Hampshire but
not too far from us here at Gold Shaw Farm so if you guys are new to our farm
you might be wondering what all of these humps are in these trenches well they’re
known as swales and berms so the Swale is the ditch the berm is the hump that
you see over here the purpose of the swales and berms is actually to capture
water and distribute the water particularly around the trees we don’t
do any irrigation here we don’t water any of our trees we just let them do
their thing and let nature be nature but what we’ve tried to do is shape the
earth a little bit so that it can actually help the trees grow and so what
happens is when we have a big rainfall or like we’re just coming off of a big
snowmelt a lot of water gets trapped in these trenches and it sits here and then
it’s used to feed those trees that that are on the other side or at least that’s
the theory so far I think they’ve worked as they’ve been designed to work they
follow the levelness of the ground so they do a pretty good job of even
distribution they definitely capture water and hold water a lot longer than
the rest of the pasture no question about that they are a little bit of a
headache and I didn’t anticipate this when I put them in because they’re
really hard to mow around but I don’t know I think there’s some potentials and
I like how they mark the property like if you look at a big wide shot of the
farm you can just see these ridges that go all the way up the hill and it’s kind
of cool I dream of someday having you know big
big trees all along here and then having you know cattle and
sheep and geese chickens just going through these alleyways grazing and
eating and you know participating in the farm it’s it’s just my attempt to try to
mimic nature and have a restorative agriculture system I’m not sure if it’s
gonna totally work I’ve failed in certain areas already but I’ve also had
some successes and really what I’m trying to do here is just keep trying
and trying and trying and that’s something I’m trying to do with my farm
as a whole the idea here isn’t to be perfect or do everything right it’s to
do everything the best I can learn from my mistakes and continue to keep growing
and building here at Gold Shaw Farm

100 thoughts on “A Duck Farmer’s Permaculture Orchard

  • Kitty!

    Hmm, yeah, your patch might benefit from having a dog or two to "discourage" visitors. Plus you can make a good buck from puppies if you have the luck to raise a perfectly healthy one, especially if it's a less common one. Being a Finn, I am drawn to recommending Karelian Bear Dogs, although them pups are pretty hard-noggined in terms of training and socialization.

    And well, finally, there's no friend like a pooch.

  • The permaculture orchard is looking good, the swells will really start to work after this year, the first couple of years the trees are just trying build roots towards the swells and the water once they are established you'll have an amazing abundance of fruit. Also don't be so hard on yourself failure is a bad word for lesson learnt.

  • Awesome video! I watch every new video you post! You have a beautiful farm, wish I had one just like it! Keep up the great videos!! I would also love to see a video on the chestnuts!! I’ve actually started my own as well, very interested to see what you’ve done

  • You're better off saving that old sign for nostalgia and memories before it gets too far gone. It has good patina as it sets.

  • Great idea with the landscape fabric for reducing weed pressures on the PoultryNet. Especially since you will be leaving it in place for months. If i may suggest, use metal T-Post as "tie-off corner posts." They will keep your fence more tight then those fiberglass tie-off post, Because they bend in a short time. Thats what we do, so thats my 2 cents 😀😀

  • Just found your Chanel, I will be bin watching to get fought up but so far I love it ducks rule!!! Looking forward to new shows good luck.

  • Great farm tour with a nice master plan for us to follow as you proceed into your future. Duck security looks great, I hope it works well for you. Please let us know what made the footprint in a future video.

  • Ducks will do that before going broody! They protect there eggs until they have as many as they want then set!! Great Farm!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • "There's a hole in the bucket, dear Liza, dear Liza…" I had to chuckle at that reference. I hadn't heard that in a long time and I wonder how many people out there remember that song about trying to fix first one thing only to discover that now there is another thing to consider! Endlessly! And the song eventually after many verses comes back to the original problem of the hole in the bucket! Great reference and fun memory! I have been gardening with ducks and find it very fun and helpful to being rid of slugs and pillbugs, etc. Ducks are so funny and good-natured.

  • Looking good Morgan. Swales will be something we implement out here. They may have to be larger though due to the sparse rainfall.

  • I definitely want to see a chestnut video ☺️ you’re trees are looking good! (: you have such a beautiful property!

  • Wow, everything is looking great! I'm excited to see how your duck house and the orchard progresses. Is there any update on the barn faucet situation? I think the track that you found might be from a skunk. The bears are hungry this time of year and are looking for anything to eat. Once they find some grubs and new growth, it'll probably wander off.

  • I wear my hoodie almost everyday!! If it didn't take over a month to get a shirt I would order one!! If we were closer we could come help! Got to love gardening in the north!!

  • Thanks for the tour! And yes to another video on the chestnuts and bringing them back to North America.

  • My "garden" is Russian Comfrey, Nettles, Alfalfa, and Appalachain Corn from Nantahala Farm in the Asheville N.C. area. Plants are for feeding livestock. Humans are Obligate Carnivores. My "Forest Farm" is all about raising Waterfowl and will be adding Miniature Cattle this year. Ducks for eggs and meat from Anconas and Chickens for eggs. Geese for meat. Cows for meat and liquid dairy. I make cheese and feed the whey to the livestock. I no longer teach Agro-Forestry Permaculture. I just do my thing working at restorative agriculture.
    Black Licust is excellent to coppice for growing lots of fence posts and tool handles.
    Restoring Chestnuts is a great plan. The Sugar Maples and White Ash are currently under serious attack by insects here in the Northern Catskills.

  • Thanks so very much for the wonderful content.

    You can put either a series of tarps or sheets of
    heavy-duty plastic over that roof as a temporary
    situation. That would only last a season but it
    might be long enough for you to get the funding
    for more permanent countermeasures. B'H.

  • i agree. the swales are cool and cool looking. i like what you have done to protect your flock. what kind of chestnuts? american (blight resistant?) or chinese. if you got them from an orchardist i'm thinking chinese.

  • I HATE trying to identify tracks without enough information, and this one is going to bug me. No toe nails visible, very round palm print, but overall length???

  • Ducks look so much better. Oh dear I hope you don't develop a bear problem! They can become a real nuisance! Question: Are you selling baby trees? I'd love to try Chestnut and Pea Shrub. What kind of Elderberry are you growing?

  • 1 in 4 turn out to be good apples? If you're talking about eating apples it's probably more like 1 in 10^4

  • Also, butternut is allellopathic. Not as bad as black wallnut, but it'll kick your apples right in the teeth.

  • I love the fact you are trying to save your barn. On another note, I hate black locust trees….they are the bane of my existance. They seed out everywhere including my garden. ggggrrrrrr!!!!

  • What happened to you finding the water source for the pump inside the barn so that you aren't hauling water that far from the house? Have you posted a video yet locating the source of the pump in the barn yet?

  • Yes to the chestnut seeding. Also are you thinking if doing a working vacay for people who want to work a farm for fun? Also please reconsider burning your materials, we have enough imagination to reuse those materials into something useful for your farm.

  • I want to work on your farm at some point. I think it would be fun and relaxing. Sometimes siteseeing on a vacay gets old, but working towards something useful and elemental never does when done in community.

  • Black locust BOO!! Endemic here in Missouri. They sprout up everywhere, the thorns are huge (1-5"), the cattle won't eat them because of the thorns if the cattle step on them they're lamed. They can put your eye out. Even if they die, they take years to decay, especially the thorns. If you brush-hog them off they come back bushier the same year. Not to mention the thorns are shredded in all directions.
    Get the thornless locusts!! Honey locust.

  • I would love to see the video of you making the nut into a seedling. That would be awesome. I enjoyed this video so much. You explained so much to us and it was so very interesting. I enjoy learning about all the different things on your farm and what everything is. I just love your channel and try to remember everytime I watch your videos to share and let everyone know about your great channel.

  • Super satisfying video! Do you have any mulberries? They are super fast growing and could be good to feed to livestock.

  • Love your orchard. I could see running ducks and geese in the swales and hogs and ruminants in the margins. I like the way you talk about what your doing with the land, very passionate. I'm doing similar things on 9 acres in Nebraska. I'll be posting some videos shortly myself.

  • AMEN on the wild apples! This is how new varieties are discovered! However, in an effort to curb your expectations, just a bit, the odds, for a eatable new strain, are closer to 1:30,000 not 1:3 or 4. LOL It really is a total, pulp shoot. Either way, they are pollinators, they are beautiful and help feed the wildlife. Cider and vinegar in its future for sure. I may have missed it, sorry if I did, but any pawpaw?

  • Sorry for blowing up comments> Excellent use of the sand and bucket to germinate the chestnuts! We do the same thing for our ginseng.

  • Also> You are DEAD on about Black Locust. I could do a 30 minute video on this maligned tree. Homesteaders friend.

  • nice informative video….. the background music, in the first 7 minutes, is kind of dippy and annoying …..

  • My friend the wild Apple idea is awesome they can be used for so many things y'all are doing great thumbs up my friends please definitely make a video on the chestnut please

  • Chestnut video would be great but I’m more interested to see how the apple experiment turns out. Even if they grow, won’t it be like 10 years till they bear fruit since they’re not dwarf rootstock?

  • Maybe add sugar maple…… you can harvest and make your own maple syrup. Also if you add your clippings around the trees they become your mulch, and if you add clover into your pasture not only is it a nitrogen fixer, if you let it flower it is a great pollenator and for livestock like cows wildflowers help reduce methane they produce

  • what you did there is a permanent design, nature will take benefice of this far after your dead. Dont forget to give a start boost to some of the légumes trees to accelerate the process of biomass growing. Take Care, great job!

  • I watched when you first said you were getting them but either missed why or you didn't tell us. Really good video enjoyed it a lot. Have a great day and God Bless!

  • What breed did you choose? My pair are Embden.

    Ps. My dad and I use to sign There's A Hole In The Bucket together.

  • About apple pulp leftover from cider making: my ducks & geese adore apple pulp. They love cider apples. Actually, I haven't found a fruit yet that they don't love.

    When they were baby 'lings, though, they got into the horseradish when I wasn't looking. They ate all the leaves in a couple of hours. Now they don't like anything remotely spicy or "brassica-flavored".
    My chickens back in Texas, however, would eat every chili they could reach, no matter how spicy and piquant. <sigh>

  • About swales and berms: it you make them with wider and gentler slopes, they are much easier to mow.
    I was a founding member of a Permablitz group that still builds a food forest every month in Texas. (I moved to the PNW in 2014, or I'd still be a member) Our swales were typically 6'-10' wide and 12'-24" deep; the berms mirrored the size and depth of the swales. We usually planted on the berms rather than on the bare slopes.
    We typically filled the swales with wood chips – at least when they were available. That sets up a slow compost factory in the swales, which could be used as mulch in the fall. The wood chips tend to swell up with water, making them decompose faster, but also retaining water in the swales much longer.

  • wild apple also good for grafting if the fruit turns out not to be tasty. 🙂 would love to see it turn into a seedling! wonder if I could grow one here. hmmm may just be too dry. Do service Berries grow where you are? I know they grow in KY, my daughter loves them.

  • Nice! My chestnuts here are already sprouting out. And I live even a bit more further up north than you are, just on a different continent 🙂

  • Just an off the wall idea…There are a lot of hikers on the Long Trail and the AT who might be interested in a "work-for-stay" situation on the farm. There are a few farms along the AT who offer some form of it. It may help you with work you need. You would be surprised at the level of knowledge and expertise you may find to help you.

  • I so wish I could get my hands on an old timey pear tree. A lady in Tennessee used to make Pear Preserves from a pear tree in her yard. I haven't found one like it.

  • That barn can be converted to an airbnb. Any snake of any kind? The sound of flowing water is very relaxing.

  • I understand the American chestnut trees. They are awesome!, but why the black locusts? What do they do for the soil? In some areas, they are considered an invasive species.
    Have you considered maple trees, as in the ones for making syrup? Those are amazing!
    If you show the tracks by the stream with something to reference their size to, hold the camera still, I could probably tell you what it is.
    Great stuff going on. When your trees bud out, you should do a tour of them. It would be great to keep the progress of the trees too.
    I'm glad you are using some water conservation methods. I'm not sure if you need that there.. I'm not familiar with your soil or climate, but I wish some people in California got it… Maybe we wouldn't have had those horrific fires here if someone understood the concept.
    Keep it up.

  • We lost five chestnuts about thirty years ago and I still miss roasting them each winter. You have inspired us and we will try to germinate a few nuts and hope for trees. Thanks.

  • One thing that sucked when moving from upstate New York to Illinois is there are not any wild apple trees.

    As a kid we used to have apple fights. We would get into teams have Chuck apples at each other lol

  • Please consider selling those old barn timbers that are not broken up or rotted….very much in demand many places. Could maybe get you some cash.

  • pecans and  Christmas trees are the big cash crops around these parts.  all the Washington apple farmers got pushed out / water shut off

  • 4 pads with claws? Large bobcat, Mountain lion, puma, lynx?? What lives in VT? Raccoons don’t have prints like that.

  • I wish you the best with your farm. I really enjoy watching your vids. Keep it coming! Learning a lot.

  • If you don't make mistakes, you aren't learning! Loving the chestnut trees! That would be awesome to get a bunch of them going. I don't know if I would transplant them. They may not transplant well. I would put them in the ground where they will grow with perhaps some fencing over them to protect them until they sprout. You can put the potting soil right in the ground. That saves time and energy.
    If you sprout in a bucket again, you can gently put water in the bucket, then rake your hands through more gently and you won't be as apt to break them.
    To get different geneticd, get nuts from different places.
    You can buy anti-fungal products to use on the sprouts. You could try a diluted (1/5 1=hydrogen peroxide, 5 parts water) solution. There are rooting powders you can use too, to give them a good start. I'm a bit concerned about the mold ffrom some onto the others.
    I like that you are experimenting

  • i didn't hear you mention Maple Trees. Have you thought about those and that way you have maple syrup you could produce?

  • My brother bought a farm for his horses. They have a large chestnut tree in SC. Someday I want to use part of his unused land. Right now I am caregiver for my daddy. We want goats. I want chickens.

  • If you want to hatch out the duck eggs, get some Silkie hen chicks, they are known for being broodie. And have seen two other homesteaders on YT use them to do that. 😊🐣

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